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Archive for the ‘Bible’ Category

I’m sure many of you will have seen this claim in online discussions with Creationists. Estimates on the age of the universe based on biblical sources were prevant during the heyday of the Atheist-Creationist conflict. Of course, this is no new thing, but old as Christianity itself.

From early on some Church Father realized that the Bible contained dates and clues that oculd be used to estimate the age of the world. It was the Byzantine Empire that enshrined one of these estimates by law and used the Creation in September 1st of 5509 B.C. as a basis for its calendar. It sounds funny, but this Anno Mundi Calendar was used for many centuries. It first appeared in the 7th century and started getting replaced in the Orthodox World by “A.D.” and “B.C.” just in the 16th century (in Russia it was changed by Peter the Great in the 1700s).

This is also the source of the well-known image from the website of the Patriarchate of Jerusalem, which has been amply mocked by the greek atheist community.

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Να ένα ενδιαφέρον νέο, αν και μερικά χρόνια καθυστερημένο: Ο Σιναϊτικός Κώδικας υπάρχει πλέον ολόκληρος διαθέσιμος στο Ίντερνετ, στη σελίδα “Codex Sinaiticus”.

Ο Σιναϊτικός Κώδικας είναι γραμμένος στα Ελληνικά (σε μεγαλογράμματη γραφή) μεταξύ 325 και 360 μ.Χ. Διαβάζεται εύκολα και στο υψηλής ανάλυσης πρωτότυπο, αν και υπάρχει και μεταγραφή και μετάφραση στα Αγγλικά (μαζί με τις σημειώσεις των γραφέων). Είναι ιδιαίτερα σημαντικό βιβλίο καθώς είναι η παλιότερη εν ζωή ολοκληρωμένη Βίβλος του κόσμου (μαζί με τον Κώδικα του Βατικανού). Επίσης αποδεικνύεται προβληματικός για κάποιους Χριστιανούς καθώς έχει αρκετές διαφορές με την κλασσική Βίβλο που γνωρίζουμε. Περισσότερες μπορείτε να διαβάσετε εδώ, αλλά τα πιο χτυπητά παραδείγματα είναι η απουσία του τέλους του Ευαγγελίου του Μάρκου (16,9-20) και η πλήρης απουσία της ιστορίας του Ιησού και της μοιχαλίδας στο Ευαγγέλιο του Ιωάννη (7,53–8,11).

Πολύ χρήσιμο πρότζεκτ και συγχαρητήρια σε όσους δούλεψαν για να το ολοκληρώσουν (αν και… παιδιά; Να σας πω, η ιστοσελίδα δουλεύει καλά μόνο σε Firefox).

 

Here’s an interesting piece of news, though I’m a few years late to the party: The Codex Sinaiticus is now available on the Internet, over at the “Codex Sinaiticus” website.

The Codex Sinaiticus was written in Greek (in majuscule letters) at some point between 325 and 360 A.D. Someone who reads Greek can easily read it off the high fidelity scans, but it’s also available transcripted and translated in English (along with the scibes’ notes). It is a particularly important book since it’s the oldest complete Bible existing in the world (along with the Codex Vaticanus). It is also rather problematic for some Christians due to its several differences with the classic Bible we all know and love. We can read more on the differences here, but the most striking examples are the absence of the ending of the Gospel of Mark (16:9-20) and the total absence of the story of Jesus and the adulteress in the Gospel of John (7:53–8:11).

A very useful project and congratz to the people who collaborated for its completion (though… ahem… FYI…the website works properly only in Firefox).

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The following article (entitled “Paul’s ‘Unknown God'”) was originally written in Greek by Kostas and posted on his What is truth? (Τι εστίν αλήθεια;) blog. I translated the article in English with Kostas helping me with the adaptation and proof-reading. This article was prepared for the English version of the “Atheia” Collective Blog and Kostas was supposed to host the comments, but since he’s currently taking a break from blogging, I’ll be accomodating him by hosting the article for him. Feel free to leave your comments here.

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